Size of athletes is often associated with event specificity. For example, when most people think of sprinter’s they have a specific image of a taller, leaner athlete. An older study found that 12-13 year old sprinters were taller and heavier than their distance counterparts.

Ice baths and cold water baths (cyrotherapy) are commonly seen in sports medicine. From experience, ice baths are cold…obviously, but after a few minutes you are able to relax. At the Beijing Olympics ice baths were frequently used with swimmers, but do ice baths really work and how do they work? Ice baths are proposed to help the athlete recover faster, reduce pain/soreness, and prevent injuries, but what does the literature indicate.

The respiratory system is not typically associated as the limiting factor in maximal exercise, and the influence of inspiratory (breathing inward) muscle fatigue during maximal exercise is unclear. Studies suggest long and short duration high intensity exercise causes inspiratory muscle fatigue leading to impaired performance. Breathing during swimming is especially important since breathing frequency is less compared to land sports.

Stroke rate and length are two essential players in swimming speed. These two factors play a HUGE role in every stroke, but their impact on swimming velocity is still unknown. Some have gone as far as stating, swimming velocity is the product of stroke length and stroke rate.

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